1 Rinze and I at the locked gate off of Maple Ave., which leads to the spillway of the Cross River Reservoir Dam. This reservoir is part of New York City's Croton water supply system. The city is located about 25-miles to the south.
2 The Cross River Reservoir was formed by impounding the Cross River, a tributary of the Croton River, which eventually flows into the Hudson River.
3 The period of construction of this dam was 1906 to 1908, a consequence of New York City's growing demand for water. The Cross River is one of 12 reservoirs in the City's Croton system.
4 When it was decided that a dam was to be built, the original community of Katonah was literally moved to where it stands today.
5 In a community effort, more than 50 wooden structures were hoisted upon logs and, using horse power, were rolled a mile south out of harm's way. No small feat!
6 This is a pen and ink drawing from Wikipedia about the history of Katonah.
7 Unfortunately, the downriver villages of Kirbyville and New Castle Corners, were also condemned to form other reservoirs, but those villages were never moved.
8 At full capacity, this dam holds approximately 10.3 billion gallons of water in its basin.
9 Before 9/11, this roadway on top of the dam was open for public use.
10 For security reasons, vehicles and pedestrians are no longer allowed access.
11 Looking down over the side of the dam at the spillway
12 Considered small in size, this reservoir is approximately 3.2 miles long and has a drainage basin of 30 square miles.
13 The New York City Reservoir systems are open to fishing and boating, but only row boats are allowed, under a special free permit.
14 Restrictions are firmly enforced.
15 The permit stipulates that after steam cleaning to sanitize at an appropriate Department of Environmental Protection Office, the boats must be left at the reservoir year round.
16 Steam cleaning removes organisms, including invasive zebra mussels, and other substances from boats that might otherwise contaminate the water supply.
17 You cannot remove your boat, use it on other waters, and bring it back without having it re-inspected and steam cleaned by an official.
18 After passing inspection, anglers are issued a DEP Boat Tag and have numbers placed on their boats. These numbers are used by DEP staff when inspecting boat storage areas and monitoring compliance with DEP Recreation Rules.
19 Anglers must store their boats at the designated storage areas.
20 Due to overcrowding, some of those boat storage areas may be closed to the placement of new boats.
21 The DEP is not responsible for boats left on City land and you may secure your boat to hitching posts or to living trees greater than 11" in diameter.
22 Boats are allowed on these waters from April 1st to December 1st of each year.
23 That is because this reservoir is usually frozen over all winter.
24 Last year at this time, the ice was about 12-inches thick and ice fishing was a very popular winter sport.
25 This winter has been so mild that only a skin of ice has formed from time to time.
26 In these waters you can find trout, bass, and walleye.
27 Because of all of the regulations, it's said that these reservoirs are under-fished.
28 More boats
29 And more
30 Betsy leading the way along Upper Hook Road to the other end of Cross River Reservoir
31 Another designated rowboat area
32 Nearly there
33 This is the opposite end looking in the direction of the dam.
34 Because there are so many fish here, and no ice this winter, there are quite a few fish-eating birds, including bald eagles, who are frequently spotted swooping down along the water's surface snatching up their next meal.
35 A bait and tackle shop near the reservoir
36 The promise of a good catch