1 Narcissus is a genus of spring perennials in the Amaryllidaceae family. They're known by the common name daffodil.
2 The flowers are generally white or yellow with either uniform or contrasting colored tepals and corona.
3 The species are native to meadows and woods in southwest Europe and North Africa. Narcissi tend to be long lived bulbs and are popular ornamental plants in public and private gardens.
4 There are about 50-species of daffodils, and more than 27-thousand registered daffodil hybrids.
5 When choosing where to plant daffodils, select a well-drained area that gets at least half a day of sun. Hillsides, and raised beds do nicely.
6 Narcissus naturalize very easily. Lift and divide overcrowded clumps in late June or July. I take stock of my daffodils every year to see what is growing well and what is not, so I can learn what to remove, where to add more, and what to plant next.
7 The view down the daffodil border is breathtaking. Bulbs should be planted in drifts of like kinds and like colors. A drift of one cultivar of bright yellow is sure to capture anyone's attention.
9 Normal rainfall will typically take care of any watering requirements during the spring flowering season. The most important care tip is to provide daffodils with rich, well-drained soil.
10 Narcissus 'Professor Einstein' has long been a popular daffodil. It is an easy grower and is sweetly scented. It has a substantial pure white perianth and a broad, disk shaped reddish orange crown.
11 This cheerful daffodil, with its intense color contrast, makes a bold statement in the border. Cultivars with red, orange or pink cups generally retain better color when planted in a little shade to protect them from the hot afternoon sun.
12 The yellow daffodils at the top are Narcissus "Red Rascal."
13 The 'Red Rascal' is a large cupped daffodil with six yellow petals that frame a bowl-shaped, red orange cup with a crimped rim.
14 The 'Red Rascal' bears showy flowers from early to mid spring. And, like most daffodils, it is also a very long-lasting cut flower.
15 Here, some blooms are fully opened, while others are just about ready to pop.
16 Narcissus 'Elizabeth Ann' - white flowers with a cup rimmed in medium pink. Fertilize daffodils with extra phosphorous to encourage good root development, especially when they're young.
17 Narcissus 'Ice Follies' are large-cupped daffodils that rise to about 16-18-inches tall in spring. Each flower features white petals and a nearly flattened ruffled yellow cup that matures to a creamy white.
18 'Ice Follies' bloom early to mid season, and make a wonderful cut flower as well.
19 Few pests bother daffodils. The bulbs are actually quite unappetizing to most insects and animals, including deer and voles.
20 After daffodils bloom in the spring, allow the plants to continue growing until they die off on their own. They need the time after blooming to store energy in their bulbs for next year.
21 When cutting daffodils, they should be kept alone in the vase as their stems secrete a fluid that promotes wilting in other flowers. If you need to combine flowers, soak them alone first and then add them to the arrangements last. Here are some other useful tips for keeping cut daffodils. http://www.marthastewart.com/264683/daffodil-flower-care
22 Daffodil plants prefer a neutral to slightly acidic soil. Since they multiply easily, be sure they are planted where there is room for them to spread, but not where the soil is water-logged.
23 In general, daffodils are easy to care for and hardy plants. Diseases common to daffodils include basal rot, various viruses and fungi.
24 Daffodils can also grow in containers as long as there is room to multiply and room for the roots to fill out. They can bloom well for two to three years - after that, it's best to move them to a spot in the ground where they will come up once a year.