1 The clematis pergola at the farm is especially beautiful this year. Right now, it is filled with a stunning palette of blue and purple, but in a couple more weeks, this border will also be filled with lovely shades of orange.
2 The uprights for this pergola are antique granite posts from China - originally used as grape supports in a valley that was going to be dammed and flooded to create a reservoir.
3 In addition to the clematis, the outside borders are planted with alliums, lilies, and camassia. I love the way all the shades of purple and blue look together.
4 Alliums are often overlooked as one of the best bulbs for constant color throughout the seasons. They come in oval, spherical, or globular flower shapes, blooming in magnificent colors atop tall stems.
5 Alliums are rabbit-resistant, rodent-resistant and deer-resistant, but adored by bees, butterflies and pollinators. They look so beautiful dotting this border.
6 Alliums require full sunlight, and rich, well-draining and neutral pH soil. These Alliums are from Van Engelen. This is Allium 'Ambassador' - among the tallest and longest blooming. It is intensely purple with tightly compacted globes that may bloom for up to five weeks. http://www.vanengelen.com/flower-bulbs-index/allium.html
7 This is Allium aflatunense 'Purple Sensation', with four to five inch wide violet-purple globes.
8 Allium 'Christophii' is a robust, long-lasting species with loosely compacted globes of more than 50 amethyst-violet florets.
9 Camassia is a genus of plants in the asparagus family native to Canada and the United States. Common names include camas, quamash, Indian hyacinth, and wild hyacinth. It is best grown in moist, fertile soil and full sun.
10 Camassia leichtlinii caerulea forms clusters of linear strappy foliage around upright racemes studded with dozens of six-petaled, two-inch, star-shaped pale to deep lavender-blue flowers.
11 Camassia is incredibly valuable since it naturalizes well when left undisturbed in a good spot.
12 Here is Camassia in a lighter shade of blue - so pretty.
13 Spanish Bluebells, Hyacinthoides, are unfussy members of the lily family, and native to Spain and Portugal. They are pretty, inexpensive, and good for cutting - such a nice touch of blue in this border.
14 Symphytum is a genus of flowering plants in the Boraginaceae family. You may know it by its common name, comfrey. It is a dynamic accumulator in the garden - drawing minerals out of the soil and into the roots and leaves. It is also a wonderful compost accelerator, and weed suppressant.
15 Comfrey has large, hairy broad leaves that bear small bell-shaped flowers of various colors.
16 Comfrey flowers are typically purplish to cream, and often come striped.
17 Viola labradorica, commonly known as Alpine dog violet, Alpine violet, American dog violet, dog violet, and Labrador violet, is a perennial native to eastern Canada, Greenland, and the United States.
18 This little viola is a great ground cover. It has rich dark purple foliage during the cool weather of spring and fall, and as temperatures rise the color fades to a unique bronze-green. In mid-spring, small purple flowers appear just above the leaves.
19 Poppies are herbaceous annual, biennial or short-lived perennial plants. The flowers have four to six petals, and many stamens. The petals are very showy and come in almost every color.
20 Poppies require very little care if they are grown in soil that drains well and gets full sun. The only downfall - poppies have a relatively short bloom span.
21 I love how these orange flowers look mixed with all the shades of blue and purple.
22 Oriental Poppies, Papaver orientale, are one of the most brilliant herbaceous perennials in the early summer garden. These crepe-paper like flowers can be more than six-inches across on stems up to three-feet in height.
23 The color of these orange-red oriental poppies is so dramatic against the green foliage.
24 Catnip is planted on the back side of the pergola. It is a flowering herbaceous perennial in the mint family Labiatae or Lamiaceae. It has white to pale purple blooms and thrives in well-drained soil and in full sun to part shade.
25 At the end of each pergola section is a pair of wisteria standards. This year's winter delayed blooming times, but they are now starting to show some color.
26 Long racemes of fragrant May flowers are beginning to emerge. These drape down from soft green heads of foliage. When blooming, the compact head of a Wisteria looks so sensational in this border.
27 Wisterias flower best and grow most vigorously where they receive ample sunshine - at least six-hours a day. They thrive in any type of soil, as long as it is well drained.
28 Clematis is a genus of about 300-species within the buttercup family Ranunculaceae. Most species are known as clematis, but it has also been called traveller's joy, virgin's bower, old man's beard, leather flower, or vase vine. All along the clematis pergola I have these beautiful climbing vines on each post.
29 There are several different varieties planted, but each pair of posts supports the same kind. Steel wire was wrapped around each post, so the climbing tendrils of the clematis vines could attach easily.
30 The timing and location of clematis flowers varies - spring blooming clematis flower on side shoots of the old season's stems. Summer and fall blooming vines flower on the ends of only new stems.
31 These plants are valued for their ability to climb, and to scramble up walls, fences and other structures. They grow in any good garden soil and their roots usually do well in moist cool areas where they can get full sun.
32 In a few weeks, these flowers will cover the pergola posts in shades of purple to light lavender-blue.
33 Mixed among the Alliums and Camassia are also orange Turk's Cap lilies, Lilium superbum. Turk's cap lilies are the tallest of the native American lilies, typically growing four feet tall. Leaves are lance-shaped up to six-inches long arranged in whorls around the stems. Downward-facing, nodding, Turk's cap-type, orange flowers with greenish throats are densely-spotted with maroon. Flowers appear in early to mid summer.
34 This is the top of the lily stalk.
35 These lilies were transplanted last fall from across the carriage road - they are all now thriving along the front of the pergola - I can't wait to see them bloom.
36 What a spectacular view - I will show you more photos as the poppies and clematis flower.