1 I started planting the pinetum about 10-years ago. The pinetum is tucked between my equipment shed and my weeping willow grove.
2 Here, you can see the many sizes of trees I've planted in this area. When I first bought my farm, I knew I wanted to plant many, many trees - young trees, to replace the older ones when their lives ended.
3 I try to add a few more specimens to the pinetum every year. The entire area is looking so beautiful, especially during this time when all the wonderful cones appear.
4 The familiar woody cone is the female cone, which produces seeds. The male cones, which produce pollen, are usually herbaceous and much less noticeable even at full maturity. The name "cone" comes from the geometric cone shape seen in some species. The individual plates of a cone are known as scales.
5 Abies concolor 'Candicans', is better known as a fir - a genus of nearly 60-species of evergreen, coniferous trees. They are most closely related to the genus Cedrus, or cedar.
6 Abies concolor 'Candicans' have slightly barrel-shaped cones that are most often yellowish-green to start and maturing to this purple-blue. As is distinctive with the firs, the cones appear upright on the branches.
7 These cones add such dramatic color against all the shades of green.
8 This is Abies balsamea 'Tyler Blue'. The distinct blue foliage stands out in the landscape. And look at the cones - as the cones mature, the main core of the cone begins to turn light lavender-purple. Now, the cones are swollen and have become a solid light purple-gray. Over the summer and into autumn, these cones will eventually turn brown.
9 This Cunninghamia lanceolata China fir is an evergreen conifer that is native to forested areas of China and Taiwan where it may reach 150-feet in height. It has sharply-pointed, finely-toothed, blue-green needles with very small oval shaped fruiting cones that appear in small groups at the shoot ends.
10 This two-toned evergreen is so pretty with its light green and darker green foliage.
11 Spruce trees are in the genus Picea, which includes about 35-species of coniferous evergreen trees.
12 Picea abies 'Acrocona' is a conifer that develops remarkable cones on the tips of its branches each spring.
13 As time progresses, its cones also turn brown, when they have passed maturity and already released their seeds.
14 Picea orientalis is a medium to large tree that commonly grows up to 50-feet tall. It has a dense narrowly conical form, and horizontal to upward sweeping branches and drooping lateral branches.
15 Pines are conifer trees in the genus Pinus. There are at least 175 different varieties and subspecies of pines. Pines are evergreens, and range from dwarf size to more than 265-feet tall.
16 Pinus mugo is a multi-stemmed shrub or broad-rounded small tree, which is typically very dense and grows wider than tall. It has bright green needles, scaly brown-gray bark, and small cones, which appear at the tips.
17 Pinus mugo is also known as creeping pine, dwarf mountainpine, mugo pine, mountain pine, scrub mountain pine or Swiss mountain pine. It is a species of conifer, native to high elevation habitats from southwestern to Central Europe.
18 A single shrub produces both male and female cones. Female cones start out green, ripening to violet, then dark brown by October. The female cones occur singly or in pairs at branch tips. The male cones are smaller, yellow or reddish, and nest in the shrub.
19 Pinus strobus 'Blue Shag', commonly known as an eastern white pine cultivar, is a dense, globose form that typically only grows to about four feet tall. Its short, blue-green needles in bundles of five are quite soft to the touch.
20 This center tree is a Pinus koraiensis. It prefers dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought. The harvest of the cones is easy as they fall on the ground, but they are also very sticky!
21 I planted this Pinus wallichiana about five years ago. It is a slow growing dwarf Himalayan pine with long, thin needles. The six to eight-inch long needles form downward clusters that give the tree a feathery effect.
22 The male cones are on lower branches, often in dense clusters on younger twigs.
23 Pinus parviflora comes from the mountains of Japan's lower islands. Most of the cultivars are hardy to USDA zone 5 and can reach 50 to 70 feet tall, but usually seen in the 20 to 40 foot range.
24 If you look closely, you can see that the bark is gray - this will change to a scaly darker gray as the tree ages. Pinus parviflora cones have broad, rounded scales, and its stiff, twisted needles appear brush-like and reach about two and a half inches long.
25 Pinus thunbergii 'Thunderhead' is a compact black pine that only grows to about 15 to 20 feet tall. It can grow upright, but with an irregular spread, and often grows wider than tall.
26 This iconic Japanese tree is known for its beauty as a garden specimen.
27 Large woody cones are a key element for pine trees. Both female and male cones appear on a tree. The pollen is carried by gravity or wind to the female cones, fertilizing the seeds.
28 Pinus parviflora cones are true pinecones, and as you can see, eventually turn woody.
29 Here is another Pinus parviflora full of cones. Trunks are often crooked, which gives full sized trees a bonsai-like appearance.
30 The needles are arranged in fascicles of five in tufts around the branches. While some conifers do not produce cones until they are mature, Pinus parviflora cones heavily even in youth.
31 These cones are starting to turn woody - the pretty patterns are hard to miss.
32 Some cones are older than others, and have already turned.
33 Here's a view from the top of a Pinus parviflora cultivar branch with young, green cones.
34 Callitropsis nootkatensis 'Pendula' or weeping Alaskan cedar, is a slender, strongly weeping form that grows to as much as 35-feet tall. It has widely spaced ascending to horizontal branches with flattened sprays of blue-green leaves.
35 Junipers vary in size and shape from tall to columnar or low spreading shrubs with long trailing branches. The female seed cones are very distinctive, with fleshy, "berry"-like structures. In some species these are red-brown or orange but on most trees, they are blue.
36 On the left is a Thuja occidentalis 'Filiformis' - a very interesting and rather rare evergreen, which features arching sprays of fine, thread-like bright green foliage. It's been in my pinetum for nearly five years and has done very well.
37 Although most of the collection includes pine trees, I have included other related conifers, and am so pleased with how this pinetum has developed over the years.