1 When the box from Keene Organics arrived, it was complete with an informational pamphlet explaining how to plant garlic. The instructions were very detailed and easy to follow.
2 Look at all the wonderful hardneck garlic varieties. The largest, most robust bulbs are the best ones to plant.
3 In all, there were nine different hardneck garlic varieties. There were about three or four bulbs in each netted pack, and each bulb contained at least four to six cloves - some even more.
4 The Chesnok Red-Purple Stripe garlic is an heirloom variety. It is loved for its rich flavor as an all-purpose cooking garlic. It's also well known as a superb baking garlic.
5 The Music-Porcelain garlic is easy to grow. Raw, this garlic is very hot-flavored, but it mellows when it is baked or roasted.
6 This Georgian-Fire Porcelain garlic is described as full-flavored. Garlic aficionados like this garlic for boosting flavors of salsas and sauces.
7 Georgian Crystal-Porcelain garlic is a medium flavored variety. It is a fresh-tasting garlic mostly enjoyed when added to stir-fries, vegetables, chicken and fish.
8 The German Extra Hardy-Porcelain garlic is large sized and medium flavored. Because of its large root system, this hardneck is extremely hardy and often withstands freezing and thawing cycles when other garlic varieties don't.
9 Here is the Amish-Rocambole organic garlic - a full-flavored spicy garlic that adds a nice kick to cooking recipes.
10 The Northern White-Porcelain garlic is full-flavored, robust, hot and spicy. It also stores well and for long periods of time.
11 The Romanian Red-Porcelain garlic is best for medicinal purposes because it is high in allicin. It is known to be very hot with a tanginess that tends to linger.
12 The Russian Giant Marble-Purple Stripe is easy to grow and gives off a mild garlic flavor.
13 The best time to plant garlic is mid-October. Garlic does well when it has more time to grow and develop before the summer harvest.
14 When it's time to plant, crack each bulb and separate all the cloves. Do this carefully, so as not to damage any of them.
15 For the best results, plant the largest cloves from each bulb and save the smaller ones for eating.
16 When selecting garlic cloves for planting, make sure there are no signs of mold or disease, which could inhibit the growth of your garlic and affect the quality of your soil.
17 As the cloves were separated, they were grouped with other like garlic cloves and placed in plastic containers, so there was no confusion in identifying them later.
18 Soak the cloves in a large bucket with one-gallon of water, one-tablespoon fish emulsion, and one-tablespoon baking soda overnight.
19 Soaking the garlic cloves in fish emulsion gives them a fertilizer boost and rids them of possible diseases, which could have been carried by the garlic. After soaking, remove them from the bucket. Here, we used a sieve to be sure all the water was drained.
20 Do a second soak with the garlic in isopropyl or rubbing alcohol, for about 20-minutes. This helps to sterilize the cloves. If you don't have alcohol, you can also use hydrogen peroxide or vodka.
21 Garlic likes loose, loamy and nutrient filled soil. When preparing your soil for garlic planting, be sure to add plenty of organic matter, compost, manure and fertilizer.
22 To make sure all the cloves are spaced evenly, lay them out first. It's important to give each clove enough room to grow and develop.
23 To make the holes for planting garlic, my head gardener, Ryan, uses a dibble or a dibber. This is a T-dibber. The T-grip allows the planter to apply enough pressure to create a consistent depth for each hole.
24 When planting, garlic cloves should be at least four to six inches apart and at least two-inches deep.
25 Be sure to plant the tip of the clove faced up, and the root side faced down.
26 Here, you can clearly see that the tip of the clove is faced up.
27 When planting multiple rows of garlic, be sure the rows are at least one-foot apart. The majority of garlic in the US is planted from mid-October through November, several weeks before the ground freezes. This garlic will be ready to harvest mid-July to August.