1 When planting garlic, look for the largest most robust bulbs to plant. This year, we planted several different hardneck varieties from Keene Organics. There were about two or three bulbs in each netted pack, and each bulb contained at least four to six cloves - some even more. http://www.keeneorganics.com
2 As the bulbs were separated, the cloves were grouped with other like garlic cloves and placed in plastic containers, so there was no confusion in identifying them later. For the best results, plant the largest cloves from each bulb and save the smaller ones for eating.
3 These heirloom Armenian Porcelain cloves are very popular because of their large size and flavor. They are enjoyed raw but they also retain their full-bodied flavor when baked.
4 The Music Porcelain garlic is easy to grow. Raw, this garlic is very hot-flavored, but it mellows when it is baked or roasted.
5 The Chesnok Red-Purple Stripe garlic is an heirloom variety. It is loved for its rich flavor as an all-purpose cooking garlic. It's also well known as a superb baking garlic.
6 Majestic Porcelain has proven to be one of the hardiest, most disease resistant garlic varieties to grow. It is easy to peel, and stores for about seven to eight months.
7 Italian Red Porcelain garlic has a hot garlic flavor. It grows well in northern regions and is a longer storing variety.
8 The German Extra Hardy Porcelain garlic is large-sized and medium flavored. Because of its large root system, this hardneck is extremely hardy and often withstands freezing and thawing cycles when other garlic varieties don't.
9 Turbans are rare garlics, and crosses between hard-neck and soft-neck. These grow well in more southern regions and tend to harvest earlier. They're excellent for roasting or sautéing.
10 The Russian Giant Marble-Purple Stripe is easy to grow and gives off a mild garlic flavor.
11 Asian Tempest Asiatic is a great growing garlic with wonderful hot flavor. Originally from South Korea, this variety is often eaten raw and loved for its full-flavor.
12 This Georgian Crystal Porcelain is described as easy to grow, and very hardy with a medium rich flavor. It is a fresh-tasting garlic mostly enjoyed when added to stir-fries, vegetables, chicken and fish.
13 The Romanian Red Porcelain garlic is best for medicinal purposes because it is high in allicin. It is known to be very hot with a tanginess that tends to linger.
14 Here is the Amish-Rocambole organic garlic - a full-flavored spicy garlic that adds a nice kick to cooking recipes.
15 Like most porcelains, the Georgian Fire is a large, and beautiful garlic with a rich, robust flavor.
16 Before planting, soak the cloves in a solution of water, fish-emulsion, and baking soda.
17 Soaking the garlic cloves in fish emulsion gives them a fertilizer boost and rids them of possible diseases, which could have been carried by the garlic.
18 Each plastic container of cloves was filled with the fish emulsion mixture and left overnight.
19 Do a second soak with the garlic in isopropyl or rubbing alcohol, for about 20-minutes. This helps to sterilize the cloves.
20 If you don't have alcohol, you can also use hydrogen peroxide or vodka.
21 Once soaked, be sure to remove all the liquid and then return the cloves to the plastic containers.
22 Garlic likes loose, loamy and nutrient filled soil. When preparing your soil for garlic planting, be sure to add plenty of organic matter, compost, manure and fertilizer.
23 Wilmer used twine to make sure all the cloves were spaced evenly. Doing this creates straight, pretty rows, but it is also important to give each clove enough room to grow and develop.
24 Bamboo stakes were placed to anchor the twine at each end.
25 Wilmer used his own foot to gage how far apart the cloves should be - they should be planted at least several inches from each other.
26 To make the holes for planting garlic, use a dibble or a dibber. This is a T-dibber. The T-grip allows the planter to apply enough pressure to create a consistent depth for each hole.
27 The dibber is perfect for planting garlic. Cloves should be at least two to three inches deep.
28 Be sure to plant the tip of the clove faced up, and the root side faced down.
29 Here, it is very clear that the pointed end was faced up. If it is faced down, eventually the garlic should find its way, however, its growth may be delayed, or askew.
30 Once in the ground, the clove is covered with soil.
31 When planting multiple rows of garlic, be sure the rows are at least one-foot apart. The majority of garlic in the US is planted from mid-October through November, several weeks before the ground freezes.
32 This garlic will be ready to harvest mid-July to August.
33 Wooden markers indicated what variety was planted where.
34 Planting bulbs can be quite a chore, but I can't wait until next summer, when we harvest all the delicious garlic.