2 Located on eight acres in Bellingham, Massachusetts, New England Bonsai Gardens is home to eight greenhouses and hundreds of bonsai specimens.
3 Foo dogs, or Chinese guardian lions, stand guard at the entrance to the gardens. Statues of traditional guardian lions have stood in front of Chinese palaces, temples, and the homes of the wealthy since the Han Dynasty. They were always believed to have mythic protective benefits.
4 This is the reception area of the nursery. It is also called a tokonoma, a Japanese term meaning an alcove or a built in space in a Japanese reception room. In a traditional Japanese tokonoma, there will be a display of art work as well as a bonsai, which you see in the back right corner.
5 Not far from the tokonoma is the nursery's retail area of pots, trays and other bonsai care products.
6 They offer a large variety of humidity trays for the bonsai. When caring for bonsai, it's okay to leave a little water in the tray at all times. The water will evaporate and create a constant humid environment.
7 They also offer a large selection of pots and containers for bonsai. When selecting a pot for a bonsai, consider the kind of roots the bonsai has. Fast growing roots may require a deeper pot than those with slower growing root systems.
8 In the main greenhouse of New England Bonsai Gardens is a Japanese style sliding door, which encourages good air flow and provides separation and privacy.
9 New England Bonsai Gardens often boards bonsai trees during vacations, and winters. Many of the boarding plants are housed in this greenhouse, where temperatures can be regulated depending on the needs of the bonsais.
10 This is an olive bonsai tree, Olea europaea. It is about 70 to 80 years old. Strong pruning is recommended in late winter, so it responds with vigorous growth the following spring.
11 The smaller bonsai trees on the right are Japanese white pines, or Pinus parviflora. It should be watered when the topsoil feels dry - water thoroughly and deeply. And, as with other pines, good drainage is essential.
12 This four-foot tall cedar bonsai tree is another winter boarding specimen. It is about 70 to 80 years old. The cedar prefers slightly dry conditions, so be careful not to overwater.
13 This table shows a variety of colors and textures in bonsai conifers. These are winter hardy plants that can withstand cooler temperatures.
14 This is an 80 year old trident maple, Acer buergerianum, bonsai tree from China. It is a deciduous, upright, round-headed tree that prefers full sun, and well-drained soil.
15 On the left is a Shimpaku juniper - one of the most popular bonsais. It is native to Japan, the Kurile Island and the Sahalin Peninsula. It thrives best in rocky, well-drained soils.
16 This is a Satsuki azalea, probably about 50 years old. These bonsai trees are quite popular because they can take hard pruning and can develop quickly. It needs watering daily to maintain moist soil.
17 Here is another Trident maple bonsai tree. It was recently transplanted into this navy blue pot, but because it responds well to bonsai care techniques, it did not suffer any trauma.
18 Another Satsuki bonsai tree from Japan.
It was recently transplanted with a top layer of milled sphagnum moss, or peat moss, to store more water for the roots, which are closer to the top of the soil bed.
19 A Japanese Deshojo maple bonsai - these are
known for the striking reddish leaf color.
20 Here is a shimpaku juniper bonsai tree, Juniperus sargent, It is climate tolerant in zones three to nine. It grows best in full sun to partial shade. It will also benefit from drying out slightly in between waterings.
21 This is a Korean hornbeam bonsai tree. These make great bonsai specimens because they have rugged barks and delicate fine, twiggy branches. They are also easy to grow and extremely cold hardy.
22 This is a pyracantha bonsai tree - a broad leafed evergreen with an exposed root style trunk. This tree grows best in well-drained soil, and responds well to pruning.
23 This is a double bonsai pot with one shimpaku juniper and one satsuki azalea. Sometimes bonsai trees are kept together to create a more developed landscape, and if both require similar conditions and are planted in a big enough container.
24 Here is a collection of Japanese boxwood bonsai trees, Buxus microphylla. They can easily handle shade and sun, but as with most bonsai, avoid extremes of both.
25 Here is a willow leaf ficus bonsai tree, or Ficus nerifolia. This bonsai tree is about 40 to 50 years old. It is a tropical tree, easy to care for and easy to style. it is not fussy about water or light, and can do well in either outdoor summer conditions or indoors.
26 These junipers are wonderful starter bonsai trees. They are small in size and can withstand aggressive pruning.
27 This is a Japanese plum bonsai, or Ume. Ume is an Asian tree species classified in the genus Prunus. It is a deciduous tree with oval, taper pointed, mid-green leaves and as you can see,
28 This is a Ginkgo bonsai tree. Pruning scars do not heal on this tree, so avoid making large scars. Prune new branches back to two to three buds while the tree is young.
29 The camellia bonsai tree, japonica, prefers partial shade and protection from frost. It tolerates heavy pruning well, which makes it a good bonsai specimen.
30 This is a centuries old California juniper bonsai tree.
Notice the dramatic piece of deadwood, and the live tree growing from its back side.
31 This dawn redwood tree, or Metasequoia glptostrobides, is originally from Manchuria, China. As an outdoor bonsai specimen, it will require protection from frost during winter. This bonsai likes ample humidity and moderate warmth, and plenty of sunlight.
32 This is a Rocky Mountain juniper bonsai tree. It is so pretty with its driftwood trunk.
33 This is a Japanese black pine, Pinus thundbergii, bonsai tree. It has stiff bright green needles about three-five inches long. It is a hardy tree that prefers to be kept outdoors in the sun.
34 Here is a world class Japanese white pine bonsai tree.
It is about 60 years old. It is a coniferous evergreen - a popular bonsai tree. It loves full sun and is tolerant of moist soils as long as the soil is well-drained.
35 A Ficus carica, or common fig bonsai tree. It is a small tree native to southeast Asia. It is widely grown for its fruit and is commercially grown in many New England cities and towns.
36 This is a Podocarpus bonsai tree, or commonly known as Buddhist pines. They are subtropical, and are not bothered by tropical heat. Keep them moist, but not soggy.
37 On the left and in the center are two centuries old wild olive trees. When repotting an olive tree, only one-third of the root balls should be cut.
38 On the left is a Brazilian raintree bonsai. It thrives best indoors and in high light and appreciates going outdoors for spring and summer when temperatures are above 45-degrees Fahrenheit.
39 Here's another willow leaf ficus bonsai.
40 And here is a Chinese quince bonsai tree, Pseudocydonia sinensis. It enjoys full sun, and should be protected from frost in winter. Water generously and never let soil become fully dry.
41 This is owner, Hitoshi Kanegae, pruning a mugo pine bonsai tree. New England Bonsai Gardens offers classes on caring for bonsai trees, where students learn how to prune and transplant their specimens.
42 Hitoshi is opening the branches, so the trunk can be seen, and air can flow properly. Bonsai trees generally fall into one of three major categories: tropical/subtropical, deciduous and coniferous.